The MK19 Mod3 40mm Grenade Machine Gun was first developed by the Navy in the early 1960's. TACOM-ARDEC has since suggested modifications to this system which has enabled the Army to deploy the MK19 in the harsh environments encountered during world-wide operations and has therefore enhanced its performance. The MK19 firing rate is over 350 grenades per minute and it is effective to ranges of over 2200 meters. The system was deployed in Southwest Asia during Operation Desert Storm and devastated enemy infantry.
Manufacturer: Saco Defense Industries
Length: 43.1 inches (109.47 centimeters)
Bore diameter: 40mm
- Gun: 72.5 pounds (32.92 kilograms)
- Cradle (MK64 Mod 5): 21.0 pounds (9.53 kilograms)
- Tripod: 44.0 pounds (19.98 kilograms)
- Total: 137.5 pounds (62.43 kilograms)
Muzzle velocity: 790 feet (240.69 meters) per second
Maximum range: 2200 meters
Maximum effective range: 1600 meters
Rates of fire:
- Cyclic: 325-375 rounds per minute
- Rapid: 60 rounds per minute
- Sustained: 40 rounds per minute
Unit Replacement Cost: $13,758
Features: The MK19 40mm machine gun, MOD 3 is an air-cooled, disintegrating metallic link-belt fed, blowback operated, fully automatic weapon and is crew transportable over short distances with limited amounts of ammunition. It can fire a variety of 40mm grenades. The M430 HEDP 40mm grenade will pierce armor up to 2 inches thick, and will produce fragments to kill personnel within 5 meters and wound personnel within 15 meters of the point of impact. Associated components are: MK64 Cradle Mount, MOD 5; M3 Tripod Mount; and the AN/TVS-5 Night Vision Sight. The MK19 also mounts in the up-gunned weapons station of the LVTP7A1 model of the AAV and vehicle ring mounts.
Background: Although the MK 19 is a relatively recent entry into the Army guns inventory, development began in 1963. The first version was a hand-cranked multiple grenade launcher called the MK 18. In 1966, the need for more fire power inspired the development of a self-powered 40-mm machine gun called the MK 19 MOD 0. This model was neither reliable enough nor safe enough for use as a military gun. Product improvements begun in 1971 resulted in the 1972 MOD 1, of which only six were produced. The MOD 1 performed effectively in Navy riverine patrol craft, and broader applications for the MK 19 were found. In 1973, the Navy developed the MOD 2, which featured improved reliability, safety and maintainability. In 1976, a complete redesign resulted in the MK 19 MOD 3, which the Army adopted in 1983. The Army will use the MK 19 within the tactical environment for defense, retrograde, patrolling, rear area security, MOUT, and special operations.AMMUNITION: The MK 19 fires six types of cartridges: M430I / M430A1 high-explosive dual-purpose grenades, M383 high-explosive grenade, M385I / M918 training practice, and M922/M922A1 dummy rounds.
The Colt M203 Grenade Launcher is a lightweight single shot breech loaded 40mm weapon designed especially for attachment to the M16A2 Rifle and M4 Carbine.
Caliber: 40mm (1.57')
Weight: 3.0 lbs. (empty) 3.6 lbs. (loaded)
Overall Length: 15"
Barrel Length 12"
Height: 3.3" (below rifle bbl C/L)
Width: 3.3' (maximum)
Ammunition Type: Most commonly used CN/CS/OC tear gas rounds, smoke, non lethal projectiles, signal and practice rounds as well as standard 40mm TP rounds.